Testing the two-stage implementation of the operation for Humid extensive meadows: bird habitats
The project goal was to test the implementation of the Agri-environment-climate operation Habitats of birds of humid extensive meadows (in short: VTR) with two possible mowing dates (two stages). Meadows, on which corncrakes (Crex crex) are present in the current year are mown late (after 1st of August) in order to ensure corncrake’s nesting success. Meadows without corncrakes in the current year are mowed earlier, to prevent the spread of invasive alien plant species and to preserve the optimal corncrake’s nesting habitat.
Through the project we developed a semi-RBPS for farmers who are successfully implementing the VTR measure, maintaining extensive meadows and achieving a positive result. A positive result is the presence of a corncrake singing male (Crex crex) on farmer’s meadows.
Project lasts until 2021, but we will propose the project’s result in Slovenia’s new CAP strategic plan and implement the new measure in Rural Development Programme.
Location of the schemeseveral regions
Project activities are taking place in four Natura 2000 sites, where VTR can be implemented: Ljubljansko barje (SI5000014), Planinsko polje (SI5000016), Cerkniško jezero (SI5000015 ) and Snežnik-Pivka (SI5000002).
Duration of the schemeSince: 2019
Objective(s) of the scheme / project
Semi-RPBS for presence of a corncrake singing male (Crex crex).
Which habitats or species are in the focus of the scheme / project?
- Habitats (incl. habitats of Fauna-Flora-Habitat-Directive (FFH-D.))
- Species (incl. species of FFH-D. and Birds Directive (BD))
Which indicators are used?
- Species (incl FFH and BD)
A positive result (indicator) is the presence of a corncrake singing male on farmer’s surfaces. The singing male attracts the female that will make a nest in his proximity - the presence of the male therefore represents the area of the nesting habitat. Area close to the nesting habitat is also important feeding habitat, as males, females, and later young corncrakes feed in a wider area from singing male’s location.
Design of scheme / project
- Hybrid result based payment with complementary management based payments
By which fund(s) is the scheme / project implemented?
- Other measures of Rural Development
How are the incentives (payment levels) calculated?
Payment are granted in 3 levels. Level 1 payments are granted for achieving the positive result: the presence of a corncrake’s feeding habitat. This is a wider area around singing male, representing its feeding habitat (area between 50-meter radius and 150-meter radius from each singing male).
Level 2 payments are granted for achieving the positive result: the presence of a corncrake’s nesting habitat. This is a narrow area around singing male, where a female will make a nest (area in 50-meter radius from each singing male).
Level 3 payments are granted for achieving the positive result: the presence of feeding and nesting habitats of several corncrakes in the same area. Areas with enough natural resources that allow the survival of several corncrakes, are the best habitats and therefore receive the largest payment.
How many farmers take part in the scheme?
- Less than 50
Are there any evaluation results (2020)?
Institute of the Republic of Slovenia for Nature Conservation