Literature

 
Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Farming for Nature - the Role of Result-based Payments
2020
Eileen O’Rourke and John A. Finn (Editors)
Ireland
Biodiversity
What is it about
Agricultural habitats cover approximately half the European Union (EU) and an estimated 50% of all species and several habitats of conservation concern in the EU depend on agricultural management. Reversing the loss of European biodiversity is clearly dependent on the conservation of farmland biodiversity.
Results-based approaches are the focus of a growing discussion about improved biodiversity conservation anenvironmental performance of EU agri-environmental policies. This book outlines lessons learned from a collection of Irish case studies that have implemented results-based approaches and payments for the conservation of farmland habitats and species. The case studies include prominent projects and programmes: the Burren Programme, AranLIFE, KerryLIFE, the NPWS Farm Plan Scheme and Result-Based Agri-environmental Payment Schemes (RBAPS) project.
This work is intended for an international audience of practitioners, policymakers and academics interested in results-based approaches for the conservation of biodiversity and the provision of ecosystem services.

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Improving agricultural pollution abatement through result-based payment schemes
2018
W. Sidemo-Holm, H.G. Smith, M.V.Brady
Sweden
Water quality
What is it about
This study designed and evaluated a result-based payment scheme for nonpoint-source pollution abatement from arable land. In a case study in southern Sweden, the cost-effectiveness of the new scheme was compared with that of an existing action-based scheme for vegetated buffer strips to prevent the pollutant, particulate phosphorus, from reaching water resources. The results suggest that result-based payment schemes based on modeled outcomes of pollution abatement are feasible and will considerably improve cost-effectiveness compared to action-based schemes, by relocating buffer strips to where they are more effective and not simply where they have the lowest costs for farmers.

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Result-based agri-environment measures: market-based instruments, incentives or rewards? The case of Baden Württemberg
2016
D. Russi, H. Margue, R. Oppermann, C. Keenleyside
Baden Württemberg, Germany
Biodiversity
What is it about
The authors have analysed MEKA-B4, a result-based agrienvironment measure in Baden-Württemberg (Germany), between 2000 and 2014, which aimed to preserve species-rich grassland. Based on semi-structured face-to-face interviews with participating and non-participating farmers and key institutional actors the authors argue that MEKA-B4 could be considered a Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES), but only if a broad definition is adopted, as the payment appeared to cover the opportunity costs of only some categories of farmers (e.g., part-time farmers, less productive fields, hay producers), but it was too low to cover those of intensive cattle raisers and biogas producers, partly due to the changing market conditions (e.g., fluctuating and decreasing price of hay; incentives to produce biogas).

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Results-based Agri-environment Payments General Guidance Handbook. Step-by-step to designing results-based schemes: lessons from Ireland and Spain.
2018
Maher, C., Moran, J., Beaufoy, G., Berastegi Garciandia, A., Bleasdale, A., Byrne, D., Copland, A., Dunford, B., Edge, R., Iragui Yoldi, U., Jones, G., Lopez Rodriguez, F., McLoughlin, D. and
Ireland, Spain
Biodiversity
What is it about
This document is a General Guidance Handbook that provides step-by-step guidance to the delivery of resultsbased schemes in general. The RBAPS project developed and adapted the approach taken by existing full or hybrid results-based projects, including the Burren Programme, and guidance provided by the European Commission (Keenleyside et al. 2014). This handbook is accompanied by four Measure Handbooks that provide further specific detail on the measures designed as part of the RBAPS project (Species-rich Grasslands and Mosaic Habitat Suitable for Marsh Fritillary, Breeding Wader Habitat, Shannon Callows Species-rich Floodplain Meadows, Perennial Crops in the Mediterranean Mosaic Landscape). The measure handbooks and supporting guidance documents and project reports are available for download from the project website at www.rbaps.eu/documents.

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Results-based Payments for Biodiversity Guidance Handbook Designing and implementing results-based agri-environment schemes 2014-2020
2014
C. Keenleyside, G. Radley, G. Tucker, E. Underwood, K. Hart, B. Allen, H. Menadue
EU
Biodiversity
What is it about
This Guidance Handbook and accompanying supplements are part of a package of materials designed to support the development of results-based agri-environment payment schemes across the EU. These have been prepared within the context of a wider study reviewing results-based approaches to biodiversity delivery on farmland in Europe. The main study report and all the materials can be found on the European Commission website: https://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/rbaps/index_en.htm

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Results-Based Payments for Biodiversity: A New Pilot Agri-Environment Scheme for the Târnava Mare and Pogány-havas Regions 2015-2018
2018
R. Popa, L. Demeter
Târnava Mare and Pogány-havas Regions, Romania
Biodiversity
What is it about
The leaflet describes a pilot agri-environment scheme for the Târnava Mare and the Pogány havas / Munții Ciucului regions. The scheme was targeted at hay meadows of High Nature Value and run as a test in these two areas for 3 years from 2016-2018.

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Targeted payments for services delivered by farmers
2018
Berkhout, P., A. Doorn and R. Schrijver
Netherlands, Czech Republic, Germany and Sweden
Multiple public goods
What is it about
This report explores options within the Common Agricultural Policy to strengthen payments to farmers
for delivering public services related to land management, with a focus on environmental services. It
also discusses the advantages and disadvantages of different payment systems (including results-based payments) in terms of compliance with
WTO and EU legal conditions, the administrative burden (both public and private), monitoring and
control and uptake by farmers.

Title Year of publication Author(s) Country / Region Public good PDF or link
Time to look for evidence: Results-based approach to biodiversity conservation on farmland in Europe
2018
I. Herzon, T. Birge, B. Allen, A. Povellato, F. Vanni, K. Hart, G. Radley, G. Tucker, C. Keenleyside, R. Oppermann, E. Underwood, X. Poux, G. Beaufoy, J. Pražan
EU
Biodiversity
What is it about
The article summarises experiences of all schemes paying for biodiversity results on agricultural land operating in the EU and EFTA countries with the aim of reviewing the decisive elements of the schemes’ design and implementation as well as the challenges and opportunities of adopting a results-based approach.